Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research: Bridging the Gap 2015 Symposium
Squaring the Circle: AIDS, Poverty, and Human Development
More than 15 million children worldwide have been orphaned by AIDS-over 12 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa, overwhelming the capacity of social networks and traditional patterns of intergenerational depend. Concrete data to support the general assumptions in the area is imperative to the generation of the much needed political will and commitment to stem the epidemic. Most estimates making use of standard economic models in high-prevalence countries indicate a reduction of about 0. This is so as there is multiple cross infection.
Rugalema G. Some researchers have drawn attention to the longer term potential for progressive weakening of human capital, and the lost transmission of knowledge and skills between generations. Issue Date : June Understanding both upstream and downstream interactions between AIDS and poverty is critical to understanding local and global epidemiological trends and patterns.
Commercial sex and poverty
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. This article, therefore, shows that HIV is an important outcome of poverty, with sexual trade, migration, polygamy, and teenage marriages as its predictors in the Sub Saharan region. I used the examples of 20 countries with the highest poverty level in the region to demonstrate the gravity of the HIV scourge, using the data from different international databases. Poverty includes deprivation, constrained choices, and unfulfilled capabilities, and refers to interrelated features of well-being that impact upon the standard of living and the quality of life 3. It is not necessarily confined to financial capital, quantified, and minimized in monetary indices.
Dwasi J. Our analysis placed particular interest on gender disparities in the poverty and HIV relationship, especially since it has been noted that poverty places women at a special disadvantage [ 10 ]! Nairobi; In parts of Asia, mobile men who have unprotected sex with sex workers are a hig factor in spreading HIV [ 17 ]. Masanjala W.
While some argue that poverty increases vulnerability, existing empirical evidence largely support the view that wealthier men and women have higher prevalence of HIV. In this paper, we examine the association between HIV infection and urban poverty in SSA, paying particular attention to differences in risk factors of HIV infection between the urban poor and non-poor. The study is based on secondary analysis of data from the Demographic and Health Surveys from 20 countries in SSA, conducted during We apply multilevel logistic regression models, allowing the urban poverty risk factor to vary across countries to establish the extent to which the observed patterns are generalizable across countries in the SSA region. The results reveal that the urban poor in SSA have significantly higher odds of HIV infection than their urban non-poor counterparts, despite poverty being associated with a significantly lower risk among rural residents.
White Paper on Reconstruction and Development. Dwasi J. Thus, the positive association relatjonship household wealth and HIV prevalence observed in previous studies [ 6 - 8 ] largely reflects the situation in the rural areas where the majority of the populations in SSA reside. Parents want to ensure their daughters' financial security, since daughters are considered an economic burden in the family.