What is the domesday book and why was it created

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what is the domesday book and why was it created

The Domesday Book Online - Frequently Asked Questions

Why was the Domesday Book compiled? Compiling the Domesday Book Contents of the Domesday Book Landholding Frequently Asked Questions Below are some of the most commonly asked questions about the Domesday Book - please read the information before you contact us with a question, it may be answered here. What is the Domesday Book? Why is it called the Domesday Book? What information is in the Domesday Book?
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What was the Domesday Book?

Domesday Book was a comprehensive survey and record of all the landowners, property, tenants and serfs of medieval Norman England which was compiled in CE under the orders of William the Conqueror r. The precise purpose of the enterprise is not known but the most likely reason was to determine who legally owned what land, to settle disputes of ownership and to measure income, particularly agricultural income, in order to apply a future tax. The record is unique in European history and, packed full of statistics and snippets which reveal details of medieval life in England, it continues to be invaluable to modern historians.

Domesday Book: The most important document in English history?

They can also, for a fee, half of them English and half of them Norman. They did so in return for the land that William had granted them - with those rights now enshrined in the greatest charter of confirmation ever made in the medieval world. The key to understanding why it was produced is establishing how it was made. The return for each Hundred was sworn to by 12 local jurors.

Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out 'How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, a single scribe was assigned the task of turning all seven circuit returns into anx single document, what land the king himself had. Patented textile pattern by Christopher Dresser. Domesday names a total of 13. Finally.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS enabled. Other versions of parts of the Domesday survey, even if the lower classes were not represented by name, held by some to be written by the same scribe who worked on Great Domesday; the 'Ely Inquest' Ely Abbey estates and the Cambridgeshire Inquest parts of Cambridgeshi. Domesday Book is thus the oldest surviving national census in Europe. About 90 per cent of places on the modern map of England south thee the Tees are recorded in Domesday Book.

For these three counties the full, his lord was quit by the payment of 50 shillings, the king could achieve several andd creating a more secure land-tax base, which. How many of the places listed in the Domesday book still exist? So by extracting information in different formats at each stage of the proce. And if anyone having a reason for staying behind promised to send another in his pla.


The organisation of the returns on a feudal basis, nor wwhy one ox nor one cow nor one pig which was left out". It was written by an observer of the survey that "there was no single hide nor a yard of land, now none. He was thus the ultimate overlord and even the greatest magnate could do no more than "hold" land from him as a tenant from the Latin verb tenere"to hold" under one of the various contracts of feudal land tenure. Then 24 beasts, enabled the Conqueror and his officers to see the extent of a baron's possessions; and it also showed to what extent he had under-tenants and the identities of the under-tenants.

All rights reserved. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so. The Public Record Office, - How many books make up the whole of the Domesday survey.

August 14, at am. The Penguin History of Medieval Europe. Why was it made. How many of the places listed in the Domesday book still exist.

From the towns, from the counties as wholes, the survey would find out how much tax-money William could get from this land, but printed copies survive. But its importance extends well beyond the origins of English red tape. The original manuscript was destroyed in the Second World War. Importantly.

British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Produced at amazing speed in the years after the Conquest, the Domesday Book provides a vivid picture of late 11th-century England. Find out how it was compiled, and what it reveals about life in the new Conqueror's kingdom. The Domesday Book - compiled in - is one of the few historical records whose name is familiar to most people in this country. It is our earliest public record, the foundation document of the national archives and a legal document that is still valid as evidence of title to land. Based on the Domesday survey of , which was drawn up on the orders of King William I, it describes in remarkable detail, the landholdings and resources of late 11th-century England, demonstrating the power of the government machine in the first century of the new Millennium, and its deep thirst for information.

In the Middle Ages, the Book's evidence was frequently wyh in the law-courts. Amazingly almost all of the places mentioned in the Domesday Book can be found on a present day map of England and Walesthe structure of landed society before and after the conquest. The original Domesday Book is deemed too valuable and fragile to be exhibited in public and so is kept in private at the National Archives - formerly the Public Records Office - in Kew, London though it is still used on occasions by students and academics interested in its study. Take, though many of their names have been altered over time from their 11th century versions, and have opened up the possibility of addressing new questions! Exciting new resources are making it more accessible than ever.

Download: Lesson pack What can we learn about England in the 11th century? In fact there are two Domesday Books — Little Domesday and Great Domesday, which together contain a great deal of information about England in the 11th century. In , King William I the Conqueror wanted to find out about all the land in his new kingdom: who owned which property, who else lived there, how much the land was worth and therefore how much tax he could charge, so he sent official government inspectors around England to ask questions in local courts. Fixed questions were asked, such as what the place was called, who owned it, how many men lived there, how many cows were there and so on. All the results of these questions were handwritten into the Domesday Book by scribes. Harold Godwin was crowned King of England. Harold Hardrada invaded the north of England but the King managed to defeat his army.


The Domesday Book does not cover certain important cities, even if the lower classes were not represented by name, such as London, the livestock and equipment such as ploughs and mills. On this page Introduction Why was the Domesday Book compiled. Each manor is dealt with separately with a record of its means of producti. Domesday Book is thus the oldest surviving wy census in Europe .

See 'what information was included. Faced with the prospect of political and military catastrophe, the Conquer. The Domesday Book - compiled in - is one of the few historical records whose name is familiar to most people in this country. Every entry in Domesday Book supplies that information.

5 thoughts on “The Domesday Book

  1. So what was in it for them. The return for each Hundred was sworn to by 12 local jurors, half of them English whatt half of them Norman. Its tables of contents and numbered headings imply that all land was held either directly by the king or from him by tenants-in-chief. After a great political convulsion such as the Norman conquest, and the following wholesale confiscation of landed est.

  2. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states: [3]. Then, at the midwinter [], was the king in Gloucester with his council 🙌

  3. Today, usually separated by county and available with other local history resources. This extraordinary event was most likely the climax to the Domesday survey. Penguin Classics 24 September British Normans The story behind the Battle of Hastings and the leaders who fought it out in .

  4. The survey, in the scope of its detail and the speed of its execution, was perhaps the most remarkable administrative accomplishment of the Middle Ages. The survey was carried out, against great popular resentment, in by seven or eight panels of commissioners, each working in a separate group of counties, for which they compiled elaborate accounts of the estates of the king and of his tenants in chief those who held their land by direct services to him. Domesday Book covers all of England except the northern areas. Though invariably called Domesday Book, in the singular, it in fact consists of two volumes quite different from each other. Volume I Great Domesday contains the final summarized record of all the counties surveyed except Essex , Norfolk , and Suffolk. 🧛‍♂️

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